The phosphatase PTEN-mediated control of PI-3 kinase in Tregs cells maintains homeostasis and lineage stability
Gerriets, Valerie A.
Rathmell, Jeffrey C.
Bluestone, Jeffrey A.
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CitationHuynh, A., M. DuPage, B. Priyadharshini, P. T. Sage, J. Quiros, C. M. Borges, N. Townamchai, et al. 2014. “The phosphatase PTEN-mediated control of PI-3 kinase in Tregs cells maintains homeostasis and lineage stability.” Nature immunology 16 (2): 188-196. doi:10.1038/ni.3077. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ni.3077.
AbstractFoxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are required for immune homeostasis. One notable distinction between conventional T cells (Tconv) and Tregs is differential phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity: only Tconv downregulate PTEN, the primary negative regulator of PI3K, upon activation. Here, we show that control of PI3K in Tregs is essential for lineage homeostasis and stability. Mice lacking Pten in Tregs developed an autoimmune-lymphoproliferative disease characterized by excessive TH1 responses and B cell activation. Diminished control of PI3K activity in Tregs led to reduced CD25 expression, accumulation of Foxp3+CD25− cells and ultimately, loss of Foxp3 expression in these cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate that control of PI3K signaling by PTEN in Tregs is critical to maintain their homeostasis, function and stability.
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