Electronic consultations (e-consults) to improve access to specialty care: A systematic review and narrative synthesis
Vimalananda, Varsha G
Seraj, Siamak M
Fincke, Benjamin G
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CitationVimalananda, Varsha G, Gouri Gupte, Siamak M Seraj, Jay Orlander, Dan Berlowitz, Benjamin G Fincke, and Steven R Simon. 2015. “Electronic consultations (e-consults) to improve access to specialty care: A systematic review and narrative synthesis.” Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 21 (6): 323-330. doi:10.1177/1357633X15582108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1357633X15582108.
AbstractBackground: We define electronic consultations (“e-consults”) as asynchronous, consultative, provider-to-provider communications within a shared electronic health record (EHR) or web-based platform. E-consults are intended to improve access to specialty expertise for patients and providers without the need for a face-to-face visit. Our goal was to systematically review and summarize the literature describing the use and effects of e-consults. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL for studies related to e-consults published between 1990 through December 2014. Three reviewers identified empirical studies and system descriptions, including articles on systems that used a shared EHR or web-based platform, connected providers in the same health system, were used for two-way provider communication, and were text-based. Results: Our final review included 27 articles. Twenty-two were research studies and five were system descriptions. Eighteen originated from one of three sites with well-developed e-consult programs. Most studies reported on workflow impact, timeliness of specialty input, and/or provider perceptions of e-consults. E-consultations are used in a variety of ways within and across medical centers. They provide timely access to specialty care and are well-received by primary care providers. Discussion E-consults are feasible in a variety of settings, flexible in their application, and facilitate timely specialty advice. More extensive and rigorous studies are needed to inform the e-consult process and describe its effect on access to specialty visits, cost and clinical outcomes.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:22856966
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