SHMT2 drives glioma cell survival in the tumor microenvironment but imposes a dependence on glycine clearance
Fiske, Brian P.
Cantor, Jason R.
Shelton, Laura M.
Kang, Seong Woo
Heiden, Matthew G. Vander
Sabatini, David M.Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationKim, D., B. P. Fiske, K. Birsoy, E. Freinkman, K. Kami, R. Possemato, Y. Chudnovsky, et al. 2015. “SHMT2 drives glioma cell survival in the tumor microenvironment but imposes a dependence on glycine clearance.” Nature 520 (7547): 363-367. doi:10.1038/nature14363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature14363.
AbstractSUMMARY Cancer cells adapt their metabolic processes to support rapid proliferation, but less is known about how cancer cells alter metabolism to promote cell survival in a poorly vascularized tumor microenvironment1–3. Here, we identify a key role for serine and glycine metabolism in the survival of brain cancer cells within the ischemic zones of gliomas. In human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), mitochondrial serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT2) and glycine decarboxylase (GLDC) are highly expressed in the pseudopalisading cells that surround necrotic foci. We find that SHMT2 activity limits that of pyruvate kinase (PKM2) and reduces oxygen consumption, eliciting a metabolic state that confers a profound survival advantage to cells in poorly vascularized tumor regions. GLDC inhibition impairs cells with high SHMT2 levels as the excess glycine not metabolized by GLDC can be converted to the toxic molecules aminoacetone and methylglyoxal. Thus, SHMT2 is required for cancer cells to adapt to the tumor environment, but also renders these cells sensitive to glycine cleavage system inhibition.
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