Three-dimensional motions of distal syndesmosis during walking
Wang, KanNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationWang, C., J. Yang, S. Wang, X. Ma, X. Wang, J. Huang, C. Zhang, et al. 2015. “Three-dimensional motions of distal syndesmosis during walking.” Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 10 (1): 166. doi:10.1186/s13018-015-0306-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-015-0306-5.
AbstractIntroduction: The motion of the distal syndesmosis correlates highly with the instability, while an accurate kinematic description of the distal tibiofibular joint during normal gait has not previously been presented. Material and methods Sixteen healthy syndesmoses of sixteen living subjects (8 male and 8 female) were studied during stance phase of the normal gait. Data of CT scanning were collected first and used to create the 3D models of the distal tibia and fibula. The lateral X-ray images of the syndesmosis were captured by fluoroscopy when the subject was walking. Seven key-pose images were selected for subsequent 3D to 2D bone model registration and six degrees-of-freedom (DOF) motions of syndesmosis were then calculated. A validation experiment was also conducted to confirm the accuracy of the 3D/2D technique for the syndesmosis. Results: During the stance phase, the distal tibiofibular joint exhibited with 2.98 ± 1.10° of dorsi/plantarflexion, 5.94 ± 1.52° of inversion/eversion, and 5.99 ± 2.00° of internal/external rotation; 2.63 ± 1.05 mm on medial/lateral, 3.86 ± 1.65 mm on anterior/posterior, and 4.12 ± 1.53 mm on superior/inferior translation. From heel strike to mid-stance, the syndesmosis demonstrated 1.69° of dorsiflexion, 3.61° of eversion, and 3.95° of external rotation. Likewise, from mid-stance to heel-off, the syndesmosis presented 1.04° of plantarflexion, 4.95° of inversion, and 5.13° of internal rotation. Conclusion: During the stance phase of normal gait, internal/external rotation and vertical motion play dominant roles in terms of rotation and translation, respectively.
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