Plasma Inflammatory Markers and the Risk of Developing Hypertension in Men

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Plasma Inflammatory Markers and the Risk of Developing Hypertension in Men

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Title: Plasma Inflammatory Markers and the Risk of Developing Hypertension in Men
Author: Sesso, Howard D; Jiménez, Monik C; Wang, Lu; Ridker, Paul M; Buring, Julie E; Gaziano, J Michael

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Citation: Sesso, Howard D, Monik C Jiménez, Lu Wang, Paul M Ridker, Julie E Buring, and J Michael Gaziano. 2015. “Plasma Inflammatory Markers and the Risk of Developing Hypertension in Men.” Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease 4 (9): e001802. doi:10.1161/JAHA.115.001802. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.115.001802.
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Abstract: Background: Several cross-sectional, but few prospective, studies suggest that inflammation may be involved in the development of hypertension. We examined markers of inflammation—high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1—and a marker of fibrinolysis, D-dimer, for their associations with incident hypertension in the Physicians’ Health Study. Methods and Results: Baseline blood values and information on hypertension-related risk factors were collected in 1982. Incident hypertension was defined as self-reported initiation of antihypertensive treatment, systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg during follow-up. With use of a nested case-control design, 396 cases of incident hypertension and controls free of hypertension were matched 1:1 on age (mean 47.4 years) and follow-up time. In crude matched-pair analyses, the conditional relative risks of hypertension in the second through fourth versus the lowest quartiles for plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were 1.27, 1.73, and 1.81 (Ptrend=0.01); for interleukin-6, 1.22, 1.02, and 1.51 (Ptrend=0.06); for soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, 1.00, 0.80, and 1.26 (Ptrend=0.37); and for D-dimer, 1.61, 1.81, and 1.52 (Ptrend=0.46). Multivariable adjustment attenuated the estimates. The multivariable relative risks of hypertension in the second through fourth compared to the lowest quartiles of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were 1.24, 1.60, and 1.47 (Ptrend=0.20); for interleukin-6, 1.08, 0.92, and 1.36 (Ptrend=0.16); for soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, 0.89, 0.79, and 1.18 (Ptrend=0.55); and for D-dimer, 1.48, 1.68, and 1.38 (Ptrend=0.63). Conclusions: Elevated plasma inflammatory markers and D-dimer were nonsignificantly associated with a higher risk of hypertension among initially healthy men.
Published Version: doi:10.1161/JAHA.115.001802
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4599490/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:23474127
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