The State of Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa

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The State of Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Title: The State of Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Bates, Robert H.; Fayad, G.; Hoeffler, A.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Bates, R. H., G. Fayad, and A. Hoeffler. 2012. “The State of Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa.” International Area Studies Review 15 (4) (December 1): 323–338. doi:10.1177/2233865912462373.
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Abstract: Africa experienced a wave of democratization over the past 20 years and this increase in democracy, we find, positively and significantly affects income per capita. Our dynamic panel data results suggest that countries only slowly converge to their long-run income values as predicted by current democracy levels, however. African countries may therefore be currently too democratic relative to their income levels. In keeping with this possibility, a significant number of countries are experiencing political ‘back sliding’: elections are won by the use of illicit tactics, term limits on political leaders have been overturned and there have been unconstitutional seizures of power.
Published Version: doi:10.1177/2233865912462373
Other Sources: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.241.6374&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:23674968
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