Modified STOP-Bang Tool for Stratifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea Risk in Adolescent Children
Goodwin, James L.
Morgan, Wayne J.
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CitationCombs, Daniel, James L. Goodwin, Stuart F. Quan, Wayne J. Morgan, and Sairam Parthasarathy. 2015. “Modified STOP-Bang Tool for Stratifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea Risk in Adolescent Children.” PLoS ONE 10 (11): e0142242. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142242.
AbstractPurpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent in children and diagnostic polysomnography is costly and not readily available in all areas. We developed a pediatric modification of a commonly used adult clinical prediction tool for stratifying the risk of OSA and the need for polysomnography. Methods: A total of 312 children (age 9–17 years) from phase 2 of the Tucson Children’s Assessment of Sleep Apnea cohort study, with complete anthropomorphic data, parent questionnaires, and home polysomnograms were included. An adolescent modification of STOP-Bang (teen STOP-Bang) was developed and included snoring, tired, observed apnea, blood pressure ≥ 95th percentile, BMI > 95th percentile, academic problems, neck circumference >95th percentile for age, and male gender. An apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 1.5 events/hour was considered diagnostic of OSA. Results: Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves for parent-reported STOP-Bang scores were generated for teenage and pre-teen children. A STOP-Bang score of < 3 in teenagers was associated with a negative predictive value of 0.96. ROC curves were also generated based upon child-reported sexual maturity rating (SMR; n = 291). The ability of teen STOP-Bang to discriminate the presence or absence of OSA as measured by the AUC for children with SMR ≥ 4 (0.83; 95%CI 0.71–0.95) was better than children with SMR < 4 (0.63; 95%CI 0.46–0.81; p = 0.048). Conclusions: In community dwelling adolescents, teen STOP-Bang may be useful in stratifying the risk of OSA.
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