Targeted, noninvasive blockade of cortical neuronal activity

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Targeted, noninvasive blockade of cortical neuronal activity

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Title: Targeted, noninvasive blockade of cortical neuronal activity
Author: McDannold, Nathan; Zhang, Yongzhi; Power, Chanikarn; Arvanitis, Costas D.; Vykhodtseva, Natalia; Livingstone, Margaret

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Citation: McDannold, Nathan, Yongzhi Zhang, Chanikarn Power, Costas D. Arvanitis, Natalia Vykhodtseva, and Margaret Livingstone. 2015. “Targeted, noninvasive blockade of cortical neuronal activity.” Scientific Reports 5 (1): 16253. doi:10.1038/srep16253.
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Abstract: Here we describe a novel method to noninvasively modulate targeted brain areas through the temporary disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) via focused ultrasound, enabling focal delivery of a neuroactive substance. Ultrasound was used to locally disrupt the BBB in rat somatosensory cortex, and intravenous administration of GABA then produced a dose-dependent suppression of somatosensory-evoked potentials in response to electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve. No suppression was observed 1–5 days afterwards or in control animals where the BBB was not disrupted. This method has several advantages over existing techniques: it is noninvasive; it is repeatable via additional GABA injections; multiple brain regions can be affected simultaneously; suppression magnitude can be titrated by GABA dose; and the method can be used with freely behaving subjects. We anticipate that the application of neuroactive substances in this way will be a useful tool for noninvasively mapping brain function, and potentially for surgical planning or novel therapies.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep16253
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