Superinfection exclusion is absent during acute Junin virus infection of Vero and A549 cells

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Superinfection exclusion is absent during acute Junin virus infection of Vero and A549 cells

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Title: Superinfection exclusion is absent during acute Junin virus infection of Vero and A549 cells
Author: Gaudin, Raphaël; Kirchhausen, Tomas

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Citation: Gaudin, Raphaël, and Tomas Kirchhausen. 2015. “Superinfection exclusion is absent during acute Junin virus infection of Vero and A549 cells.” Scientific Reports 5 (1): 15990. doi:10.1038/srep15990. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep15990.
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Abstract: Many viruses have evolved strategies of so-called “superinfection exclusion” to prevent re-infection of a cell that the same virus has already infected. Although Old World arenavirus infection results in down-regulation of its viral receptor and thus superinfection exclusion, whether New World arenaviruses have evolved such a mechanism remains unclear. Here we show that acute infection by the New World Junin virus (JUNV) failed to down-regulate the transferrin receptor and did not induce superinfection exclusion. We observed that Vero cells infected by a first round of JUNV (Candid1 strain) preserve an ability to internalize new incoming JUNV particles that is comparable to that of non-infected cells. Moreover, we developed a dual infection assay with the wild-type Candid1 JUNV and a recombinant JUNV-GFP virus to discriminate between first and second infections at the transcriptional and translational levels. We found that Vero and A549 cells already infected by JUNV were fully competent to transcribe viral RNA from a second round of infection. Furthermore, flow cytometry analysis of viral protein expression indicated that viral translation was normal, regardless of whether cells were previously infected or not. We conclude that in acutely infected cells, Junin virus lacks a superinfection exclusion mechanism.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep15990
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4637830/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:23845283
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