Morphological Heterogeneity and Attachment of Phaeobacter inhibens

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Morphological Heterogeneity and Attachment of Phaeobacter inhibens

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Title: Morphological Heterogeneity and Attachment of Phaeobacter inhibens
Author: Segev, Einat; Tellez, Adèle; Vlamakis, Hera; Kolter, Roberto

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Citation: Segev, Einat, Adèle Tellez, Hera Vlamakis, and Roberto Kolter. 2015. “Morphological Heterogeneity and Attachment of Phaeobacter inhibens.” PLoS ONE 10 (11): e0141300. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141300.
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Abstract: The Roseobacter clade is a key group of bacteria in the ocean exhibiting diverse metabolic repertoires and a wide range of symbiotic life-styles. Many Roseobacters possess remarkable capabilities of attachment to both biotic and abiotic surfaces. When attached to each other, these bacteria form multi-cellular structures called rosettes. Phaeobacter inhibens, a well-studied Roseobacter, exhibits various cell sizes and morphologies that are either associated with rosettes or occur as single cells. Here we describe the distribution of P. inhibens morphologies and rosettes within a population. We detect an N-acetylglucosamine-containing polysaccharide on the poles of some cells and at the center of all rosettes. We demonstrate that rosettes are formed by the attachment of individual cells at the polysaccharide-containing pole rather than by cell division. Finally, we show that P. inhibens attachment to abiotic surfaces is hindered by the presence of DNA from itself, but not from other bacteria. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that cell adhesiveness is likely to play a significant role in the life cycle of P. inhibens as well as other Roseobacters.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141300
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