Quantitative proteomics signature profiling based on network contextualization
Goh, Wilson Wen Bin
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CitationGoh, Wilson Wen Bin, Tiannan Guo, Ruedi Aebersold, and Limsoon Wong. 2015. “Quantitative proteomics signature profiling based on network contextualization.” Biology Direct 10 (1): 71. doi:10.1186/s13062-015-0098-x. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13062-015-0098-x.
AbstractBackground: We present a network-based method, namely quantitative proteomic signature profiling (qPSP) that improves the biological content of proteomic data by converting protein expressions into hit-rates in protein complexes. Results: We demonstrate, using two clinical proteomics datasets, that qPSP produces robust discrimination between phenotype classes (e.g. normal vs. disease) and uncovers phenotype-relevant protein complexes. Regardless of acquisition paradigm, comparisons of qPSP against conventional methods (e.g. t-test or hypergeometric test) demonstrate that it produces more stable and consistent predictions, even at small sample size. We show that qPSP is theoretically robust to noise, and that this robustness to noise is also observable in practice. Comparative analysis of hit-rates and protein expressions in significant complexes reveals that hit-rates are a useful means of summarizing differential behavior in a complex-specific manner. Conclusions: Given qPSP’s ability to discriminate phenotype classes even at small sample sizes, high robustness to noise, and better summary statistics, it can be deployed towards analysis of highly heterogeneous clinical proteomics data. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Frank Eisenhaber and Sebastian Maurer-Stroh. Open peer review Reviewed by Frank Eisenhaber and Sebastian Maurer-Stroh. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13062-015-0098-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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