The impact of orientation filtering on face-selective neurons in monkey inferior temporal cortex

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The impact of orientation filtering on face-selective neurons in monkey inferior temporal cortex

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Title: The impact of orientation filtering on face-selective neurons in monkey inferior temporal cortex
Author: Taubert, Jessica; Goffaux, Valerie; Van Belle, Goedele; Vanduffel, Wim; Vogels, Rufin

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Citation: Taubert, Jessica, Valerie Goffaux, Goedele Van Belle, Wim Vanduffel, and Rufin Vogels. 2016. “The impact of orientation filtering on face-selective neurons in monkey inferior temporal cortex.” Scientific Reports 6 (1): 21189. doi:10.1038/srep21189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep21189.
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Abstract: Faces convey complex social signals to primates. These signals are tolerant of some image transformations (e.g. changes in size) but not others (e.g. picture-plane rotation). By filtering face stimuli for orientation content, studies of human behavior and brain responses have shown that face processing is tuned to selective orientation ranges. In the present study, for the first time, we recorded the responses of face-selective neurons in monkey inferior temporal (IT) cortex to intact and scrambled faces that were filtered to selectively preserve horizontal or vertical information. Guided by functional maps, we recorded neurons in the lateral middle patch (ML), the lateral anterior patch (AL), and an additional region located outside of the functionally defined face-patches (CONTROL). We found that neurons in ML preferred horizontal-passed faces over their vertical-passed counterparts. Neurons in AL, however, had a preference for vertical-passed faces, while neurons in CONTROL had no systematic preference. Importantly, orientation filtering did not modulate the firing rate of neurons to phase-scrambled face stimuli in any recording region. Together these results suggest that face-selective neurons found in the face-selective patches are differentially tuned to orientation content, with horizontal tuning in area ML and vertical tuning in area AL.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep21189
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4754760/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:25658425
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