A robust prognostic gene expression signature for early stage lung adenocarcinoma
Eklund, Aron Charles
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CitationKrzystanek, Marcin, Judit Moldvay, David Szüts, Zoltan Szallasi, and Aron Charles Eklund. 2016. “A robust prognostic gene expression signature for early stage lung adenocarcinoma.” Biomarker Research 4 (1): 4. doi:10.1186/s40364-016-0058-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40364-016-0058-3.
AbstractBackground: Stage I lung adenocarcinoma is usually not treated with adjuvant chemotherapy; however, around half of these patients do not survive 5 years. Therefore, a reliable prognostic biomarker for early stage patients would be critical to identify those most likely to benefit from early additional treatments. Several studies have searched for gene expression prognostic biomarkers for lung adenocarcinoma, but these have not yielded a widely accepted prognosticator. Results: We analyzed gene expression from seven published lung adenocarcinoma cohorts for which we included only stage I and II patients who were not given adjuvant therapy. Seven genes consistently obtained statistical significance in Cox regression for overall survival. The combined signature has a weighted mean hazard ratio of 3.2 in all cohorts and 3.0 (C.I. 1.3–7.4, p < 0.01) in an independent validation cohort and is strongly correlated with previously published signatures of chromosomal instability and cell cycle progression. Conclusions: The new prognostic signature, if validated prospectively, may enable better stratification and treatment of early stage lung cancer patients. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s40364-016-0058-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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