Intact perception but abnormal orientation towards face-like objects in young children with ASD

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Intact perception but abnormal orientation towards face-like objects in young children with ASD

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Title: Intact perception but abnormal orientation towards face-like objects in young children with ASD
Author: Guillon, Quentin; Rogé, Bernadette; Afzali, Mohammad H.; Baduel, Sophie; Kruck, Jeanne; Hadjikhani, Nouchine

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Citation: Guillon, Quentin, Bernadette Rogé, Mohammad H. Afzali, Sophie Baduel, Jeanne Kruck, and Nouchine Hadjikhani. 2016. “Intact perception but abnormal orientation towards face-like objects in young children with ASD.” Scientific Reports 6 (1): 22119. doi:10.1038/srep22119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep22119.
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Abstract: There is ample behavioral evidence of diminished orientation towards faces as well as the presence of face perception impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the underlying mechanisms of these deficits are still unclear. We used face-like object stimuli that have been shown to evoke pareidolia in typically developing (TD) individuals to test the effect of a global face-like configuration on orientation and perceptual processes in young children with ASD and age-matched TD controls. We show that TD children were more likely to look first towards upright face-like objects than children with ASD, showing that a global face-like configuration elicit a stronger orientation bias in TD children as compared to children with ASD. However, once they were looking at the stimuli, both groups spent more time exploring the upright face-like object, suggesting that they both perceived it as a face. Our results are in agreement with abnormal social orienting in ASD, possibly due to an abnormal tuning of the subcortical pathway, leading to poor orienting and attention towards faces. Our results also indicate that young children with ASD can perceive a generic face holistically, such as face-like objects, further demonstrating holistic processing of faces in ASD.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep22119
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4766445/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:26318502
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