Visuospatial Attention to Single and Multiple Objects Is Independently Impaired in Parkinson's Disease

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Visuospatial Attention to Single and Multiple Objects Is Independently Impaired in Parkinson's Disease

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Title: Visuospatial Attention to Single and Multiple Objects Is Independently Impaired in Parkinson's Disease
Author: Norton, Daniel J.; Nguyen, Victoria A.; Lewis, Michaela F.; Reynolds, Gretchen O.; Somers, David C.; Cronin-Golomb, Alice

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Citation: Norton, Daniel J., Victoria A. Nguyen, Michaela F. Lewis, Gretchen O. Reynolds, David C. Somers, and Alice Cronin-Golomb. 2016. “Visuospatial Attention to Single and Multiple Objects Is Independently Impaired in Parkinson's Disease.” PLoS ONE 11 (3): e0150013. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150013.
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Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is associated with deficits in visuospatial attention. It is as yet unknown whether these attentional deficits begin at a perceptual level or instead reflect disruptions in oculomotor or higher-order processes. In the present study, non-demented individuals with PD and matched normal control adults (NC) participated in two tasks requiring sustained visuospatial attention, both based on a multiple object tracking paradigm. Eye tracking was used to ensure central fixation. In Experiment 1 (26 PD, 21 NC), a pair of identical red dots (one target, one distractor) rotated randomly for three seconds at varied speeds. The task was to maintain the identity of the sole target, which was labeled prior to each trial. PD were less accurate than NC overall (p = .049). When considering only trials where fixation was maintained, however, there was no significant group difference, suggesting that the deficit’s origin is closely related to oculomotor processing. To determine whether PD had additional impairment in multifocal attention, in Experiment 2 (25 PD, 15 NC), two targets were presented along with distractors at a moderate speed, along with a control condition in which dots remained stationary. PD were less accurate than NC for moving (p = 0.02) but not stationary targets. This group difference remained significant when considering only trials where fixation was maintained, suggesting the source of the PD deficit was independent from oculomotor processing. Taken together, the results implicate separate mechanisms for single vs. multiple object tracking deficits in PD.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150013
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4786138/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:26318665
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