Discovery of Candidate H2O Disk Masers in Active Galactic Nuclei and Estimations of Centripetal Accelerations

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Discovery of Candidate H2O Disk Masers in Active Galactic Nuclei and Estimations of Centripetal Accelerations

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Title: Discovery of Candidate H2O Disk Masers in Active Galactic Nuclei and Estimations of Centripetal Accelerations
Author: Greenhill, Lincoln Jared; Kondratko, Paul T.; Moran, James M.; Tilak, Avanti

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Citation: Greenhill, Lincoln J., Paul T. Kondratko, James M. Moran, and Avanti Tilak. 2009. “Discovery of Candidate H2O Disk Masers in Active Galactic Nuclei and Estimations of Centripetal Accelerations.” The Astrophysical Journal 707 (1) (November 25): 787–799. doi:10.1088/0004-637x/707/1/787.
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Abstract: Based on spectroscopic signatures, about one-third of known H2O maser sources in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are believed to arise in highly inclined accretion disks around central engines. These “disk maser candidates” are of interest primarily because angular structure and rotation curves can be resolved with interferometers, enabling dynamical study. We identify five new disk maser candidates in studies with the Green Bank Telescope, bringing the total number published to 30. We discovered two (NGC 1320, NGC 17) in a survey of 40 inclined active galaxies (vsys < 20,000 km s−1). The remaining three disk maser candidates were identified in monitoring of known sources: NGC 449, NGC 2979, and NGC 3735. We also confirm a previously marginal case in UGC 4203. For the disk maser candidates reported here, inferred rotation speeds are 130–500 km s−1. Monitoring of three more rapidly rotating candidate disks (CG 211, NGC 6264, VV 340A) has enabled measurement of likely orbital centripetal acceleration, and estimation of central masses ((2–7) ×107 M) and mean disk radii (0.2–0.4 pc). Accelerations may ultimately permit estimation of distances when combined with interferometer data. This is notable because the three AGNs are relatively distant (10,000 km s−1 < vsys < 15,000 km s−1), and fractional error in a derived Hubble constant, due to peculiar motion of the galaxies, would be small. As signposts of highly inclined geometries at galactocentric radii of ∼0.1–1 pc, disk masers also provide robust orientation references that allow analysis of (mis)alignment between AGNs and surrounding galactic stellar disks, even without extensive interferometric mapping. We find no preference among published disk maser candidates to lie in high-inclination galaxies. This provides independent support for conclusions that in late-type galaxies, central engine accretion disks and galactic plane orientations are not correlated.
Published Version: doi::10.1088/0004-637X/707/1/787
Other Sources: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0911.0382.pdf
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:26519245
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