Quantum Information Science and Quantum Metrology: Novel Systems and Applications
CitationKómár, Péter. 2016. Quantum Information Science and Quantum Metrology: Novel Systems and Applications. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractThe current frontier of our understanding of the physical universe is dominated by quantum phenomena. Uncovering the prospects and limitations of acquiring and processing information using quantum effects is an outstanding challenge in physical science. This thesis presents an analysis of several new model systems and applications for quantum information processing and metrology.
First, we analyze quantum optomechanical systems exhibiting quantum phenomena in both optical and mechanical degrees of freedom. We investigate the strength of non-classical correlations in a model system of two optical and one mechanical mode. We propose and analyze experimental protocols that exploit these correlations for quantum computation.
We then turn our attention to atom-cavity systems involving strong coupling of atoms with optical photons, and investigate the possibility of using them to store information robustly and as relay nodes. We present a scheme for a robust two-qubit quantum gate with inherent error-detection capabilities. We consider several remote entanglement protocols employing this robust gate, and we use these systems to study the performance of the gate in practical applications.
Finally, we present a new protocol for running multiple, remote atomic clocks in quantum unison. We show that by creating a cascade of independent Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states distributed across the network, the scheme asymptotically reaches the Heisenberg limit, the fundamental limit of measurement accuracy. We propose an experimental realization of such a network consisting of neutral atom clocks, and analyze the practical performance of such a system.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:26718726
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