Nutritional Status and Other Baseline Predictors of Mortality among HIV-Infected Children Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania
Mwiru, R. S.
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CitationMwiru, R. S., D. Spiegelman, C. Duggan, G. R. Seage, H. Semu, G. Chalamilla, R. Kisenge, and W. W. Fawzi. 2013. “Nutritional Status and Other Baseline Predictors of Mortality Among HIV-Infected Children Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania.” Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (JIAPAC) 14 (2) (October 8): 172–179. doi:10.1177/2325957413500852.
We assembled a prospective cohort of 3144 children less than 15 years of age initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
The relationships of nutritional status and other baseline characteristics in relation to mortality were examined using Cox proportional hazards model.
Compared with children with weight for age (WAZ) > -1, those with WAZ ≤ -2 to < -3 had a nearly double risk of death (relative risk [RR], 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-3.11), and among those with WAZ ≤ -3, the risk more than tripled (RR, 3.36; 95% CI, 2.12-5.32). Other baseline risk factors for overall mortality included severe anemia (P < .001), severe immune suppression (P = .02), history of tuberculosis (P = .01), opportunistic infections (P < .001), living in the poorest district (P < .001), and advanced World Health Organization stage (P = .003).
To sustain the obtained benefit of ART in this setting, interventions to improve nutritional status may be used as an adjunct to ART.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:26836020
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