Angiogenic and inflammatory biomarkers in midpregnancy and small-for-gestational-age outcomes in Tanzania
Conroy, Andrea L.
Hayford, Kyla T.
Liles, W. Conrad
Urassa, Willy S.
Kain, Kevin C.
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CitationDarling, Anne Marie, Chloe R. McDonald, Andrea L. Conroy, Kyla T. Hayford, W. Conrad Liles, Molin Wang, Said Aboud, Willy S. Urassa, Kevin C. Kain, and Wafaie W. Fawzi. 2014. “Angiogenic and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Midpregnancy and Small-for-Gestational-Age Outcomes in Tanzania.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 211 (5) (November): 509.e1–509.e8. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2014.05.032.
To investigate the relationship between a panel of angiogenic and inflammatory biomarkers measured in mid-pregnancy and small-for-gestational age (SGA) outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa.
Concentrations of 18 angiogenic and inflammatory biomarkers were determined in 432 pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania who participated in a trial examining the effect of multivitamins on pregnancy outcomes. Infants falling below the 10th percentile of birth weight for gestational age relative to the applied growth standards were considered SGA. Multivariate binomial regression models with the log link function were used to determine the relative risk of SGA associated with increasing quartiles of each biomarker. Stepwise cubic restricted splines were used to test for non-linearity of these associations. Receiver operating curves obtained from multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess the discriminatory capability of selected biomarkers.
A total of 60 participants (13.9%) gave birth to SGA infants. Compared to those in the first quartile, the risk of SGA was reduced among those in the fourth quartiles of VEGF-A (adjusted risk ratio (RR) 0.38, 95% Confidence Interval (CI), 0.19-0.74), PGF (adjusted RR 0.28, 95% CI, 0.12-0.61), sFlt-1 (adjusted RR 0.48, 95% CI, 0.23-1.01), MCP-1 (adjusted RR 0.48, 95% CI, 0.25-0.92), and Leptin (adjusted RR 0.46, 95% CI, 0.22-0.96)
Our findings provide evidence of altered angiogenic and inflammatory mediators, at mid-pregnancy, in women who went on to deliver small for gestational age infants.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:26836021
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