An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes

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An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes

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Title: An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes
Author: Sudmant, Peter H.; Rausch, Tobias; Gardner, Eugene J.; Handsaker, Robert E.; Abyzov, Alexej; Huddleston, John; Zhang, Yan; Ye, Kai; Jun, Goo; Fritz, Markus Hsi-Yang; Konkel, Miriam K.; Malhotra, Ankit; Stütz, Adrian M.; Shi, Xinghua; Casale, Francesco Paolo; Chen, Jieming; Hormozdiari, Fereydoun; Dayama, Gargi; Chen, Ken; Malig, Maika; Chaisson, Mark J.P.; Walter, Klaudia; Meiers, Sascha; Kashin, Seva; Garrison, Erik; Auton, Adam; Lam, Hugo Y. K.; Mu, Xinmeng Jasmine; Alkan, Can; Antaki, Danny; Bae, Taejeong; Cerveira, Eliza; Chines, Peter; Chong, Zechen; Clarke, Laura; Dal, Elif; Ding, Li; Emery, Sarah; Fan, Xian; Gujral, Madhusudan; Kahveci, Fatma; Kidd, Jeffrey M.; Kong, Yu; Lameijer, Eric-Wubbo; McCarthy, Shane; Flicek, Paul; Gibbs, Richard A.; Marth, Gabor; Mason, Christopher E.; Menelaou, Androniki; Muzny, Donna M.; Nelson, Bradley J.; Noor, Amina; Parrish, Nicholas F.; Pendleton, Matthew; Quitadamo, Andrew; Raeder, Benjamin; Schadt, Eric E.; Romanovitch, Mallory; Schlattl, Andreas; Sebra, Robert; Shabalin, Andrey A.; Untergasser, Andreas; Walker, Jerilyn A.; Wang, Min; Yu, Fuli; Zhang, Chengsheng; Zhang, Jing; Zheng-Bradley, Xiangqun; Zhou, Wanding; Zichner, Thomas; Sebat, Jonathan; Batzer, Mark A.; McCarroll, Steven A.; Mills, Ryan E.; Gerstein, Mark B.; Bashir, Ali; Stegle, Oliver; Devine, Scott E.; Lee, Charles; Eichler, Evan E.; Korbel, Jan O.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Sudmant, P. H., T. Rausch, E. J. Gardner, R. E. Handsaker, A. Abyzov, J. Huddleston, Y. Zhang, et al. 2015. “An integrated map of structural variation in 2,504 human genomes.” Nature 526 (7571): 75-81. doi:10.1038/nature15394.
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Abstract: Summary Structural variants (SVs) are implicated in numerous diseases and make up the majority of varying nucleotides among human genomes. Here we describe an integrated set of eight SV classes comprising both balanced and unbalanced variants, which we constructed using short-read DNA sequencing data and statistically phased onto haplotype-blocks in 26 human populations. Analyzing this set, we identify numerous gene-intersecting SVs exhibiting population stratification and describe naturally occurring homozygous gene knockouts suggesting the dispensability of a variety of human genes. We demonstrate that SVs are enriched on haplotypes identified by genome-wide association studies and exhibit enrichment for expression quantitative trait loci. Additionally, we uncover appreciable levels of SV complexity at different scales, including genic loci subject to clusters of repeated rearrangement and complex SVs with multiple breakpoints likely formed through individual mutational events. Our catalog will enhance future studies into SV demography, functional impact and disease association.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/nature15394
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