Changes in physical activity during transition to retirement: a cohort study

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Changes in physical activity during transition to retirement: a cohort study

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Title: Changes in physical activity during transition to retirement: a cohort study
Author: Stenholm, Sari; Pulakka, Anna; Kawachi, Ichiro; Oksanen, Tuula; Halonen, Jaana I.; Aalto, Ville; Kivimäki, Mika; Vahtera, Jussi

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Citation: Stenholm, Sari, Anna Pulakka, Ichiro Kawachi, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana I. Halonen, Ville Aalto, Mika Kivimäki, and Jussi Vahtera. 2016. “Changes in physical activity during transition to retirement: a cohort study.” The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 13 (1): 51. doi:10.1186/s12966-016-0375-9.
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Abstract: Background: Retirement is a major life transition which may affect lifestyle. The aim of this study is to examine within-individual changes in physical activity during the transition from full-time work to retirement. Methods: The study population consisted of 9,488 Finnish public-sector employees who retired in 2000–2011 and who reported their leisure-time and commuting physical activity before and after retirement. On average, participants provided data at 3.6 (of the four) repeat examinations during 10 years before and 10 years after the retirement. Physical activity was self-reported and was expressed as weekly metabolic equivalent task (MET) hours. Generalized estimating equations were used to examine physical activity trajectories around retirement. Results: Among participants entering to statutory retirement physical activity first increased by 1.81 MET-hours (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.20 to 2.42) during 4-year retirement transition, but then decreased by −1.80 MET hours (95 % CI −2.83 to −0.79) during the subsequent post-retirement period. Older retirement age, higher occupational status and fewer chronic diseases were associated with greater increase in physical activity during transition to statutory retirement. Conclusions: Statutory retirement appears to be associated with a temporary increase in physical activity. Future research should examine ways to maintain the increased activity level after retirement. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12966-016-0375-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Published Version: doi:10.1186/s12966-016-0375-9
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