Predictors of breastfeeding cessation among HIV-infected women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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CitationPetraro, Paul, Christopher Duggan, Gernard Msamanga, Karen E. Peterson, Donna Spiegelman, and Wafaie Fawzi. 2010. “Predictors of Breastfeeding Cessation Among HIV-Infected Women in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.” Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 (3) (January 26): 273–283. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2009.00236.x.
AbstractThis paper examines predictors of breastfeeding cessation among a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women. This was a prospective follow-up study of HIV-infected women who participated in a randomized micronutrient supplementation trial conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 795 HIV-infected Tanzanian women with singleton newborns were utilized from the cohort for this analysis. The proportion of women breastfeeding declined from 95% at 12 months to 11% at 24 months. The multivariate analysis showed breastfeeding cessation was significantly associated with increasing calendar year of delivery from 1995 to 1997 [risk ratio (RR), 1.36; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13–1.63], having a new pregnancy (RR 1.33; 95% CI 1.10–1.61), overweight [body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg m−2; RR 1.37; 95% CI 1.07–1.75], underweight (BMI <18.5 kg m−2; RR 1.29; 95% CI 1.00–1.65), introduction of cow’s milk at infant’s age of 4 months (RR 1.30; 95% CI 1.04–1.63). Material and social support was associated with decreased likelihood of cessation (RR 0.83; 95% CI 0.68–1.02). Demographic, health and nutritional factors among women and infants are associated with decisions by HIV-infected women to cease breastfeeding. The impact of breastfeeding counselling programs for HIV-infected African women should consider individual maternal, social and health contexts.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27001569
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