Inhaled corticosteroid treatment modulates ZNF432 gene variant’s effect on bronchodilator response in asthmatics
Peters, Stephen P.
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CitationWu, Ann Chen, Blanca E. Himes, Jessica Lasky-Su, Augusto Litonjua, Stephen P. Peters, John Lima, Michiaki Kubo, et al. 2014. Inhaled corticosteroid treatment modulates ZNF432 gene variant’s effect on bronchodilator response in asthmatics. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 133, no. 3: 723–728.e3. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2013.09.037.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) influence a patient's response to inhaled corticosteroids and β2-agonists, and the effect of treatment with inhaled corticosteroids is synergistic with the effect of β2-agonists. We hypothesized that use of inhaled corticosteroids could influence the effect of SNPs associated with bronchodilator response.
To assess whether, among asthma subjects, the association of SNPs with bronchodilator response is different between those treated with inhaled corticosteroids vs. those on placebo.
Methods: A genome-wide association analysis was conducted using 581 white subjects from the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP). Using data for 449,540 SNPs, we conducted a gene by environment analysis in PLINK with inhaled corticosteroid treatment as the environmental exposure and bronchodilator response as the outcome measure. We attempted to replicate the top 12 SNPs in the Leukotriene Modifier Or Corticosteroid or Corticosteroid-Salmeterol (LOCCS) Trial.
Results: The combined P-value for the CAMP and LOCCS populations was 4.81E-08 for rs3752120, which is located in the zinc finger protein gene ZNF432, and has unknown function.
Conclusions: Inhaled corticosteroids appear to modulate the association of bronchodilator response with variant(s) in the ZNF432 gene among adults and children with asthma.
Clinical Implications: Clinicians who treat asthma patients with inhaled corticosteroids should be aware that the patient's genetic makeup likely influences response as measured in lung function.
Capsule Summary: Our study suggests that inhaled corticosteroids could influence the effect of multiple SNPs associated with bronchodilator response across the genome.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27005895
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