Chronic Insufficient Sleep and Diet Quality: Contributors to Childhood Obesity
Cespedes, Elizabeth M.
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CitationCespedes, Elizabeth M., Frank B. Hu, Susan Redline, Bernard Rosner, Matthew W. Gillman, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, and Elsie M. Taveras. 2015. “Chronic Insufficient Sleep and Diet Quality: Contributors to Childhood Obesity.” Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 24 (1): 184-190. doi:10.1002/oby.21196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.21196.
AbstractObjective: To examine associations of chronic insufficient sleep with diet, and whether diet explains the sleep-adiposity relationship. Methods: In Project Viva, 1,046 parents reported children’s sleep duration at 6m and annually until mid-childhood (7y). The main exposure was a sleep curtailment score (6m–7y) ranging from 0 (maximal curtailment) to 13 (adequate sleep). In mid-childhood, parents reported children’s diet; researchers measured height/weight. Multivariable linear regression assessed associations of sleep with diet (Youth Healthy Eating Index [YHEI]); sleep with BMI z-score adjusting for YHEI; and, secondarily, joint associations of sleep and YHEI with BMI. Results: Mean (SD) sleep and YHEI scores were 10.21 (2.71) and 58.76 (10.37). Longer sleep duration was associated with higher YHEI in mid-childhood (0.59 points/unit sleep score; 95%CI: 0.32, 0.86). Though higher YHEI was associated with lower BMI z-score (−0.07 units/10-point increase; 95%CI: −0.13, −0.01), adjustment for YHEI did not attenuate sleep-BMI associations. Children with sleep and YHEI scores below the median (<11 and <60) had BMI z-scores 0.34 units higher (95%CI: 0.16, 0.51) than children with sleep and YHEI scores above the median. Conclusions: While parent-reported diet did not explain inverse associations of sleep with adiposity, both sufficient sleep and high-quality diets are important to obesity prevention.
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