National differences in gender-science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievement
Nosek, Brian A.
Smyth, Frederick L.
Lindner, Nicole M.
Tulbure, Bogdan Tudor
Wiers, Reinout W.
Greenwald, Anthony G.Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationNosek, Brian A., Frederick L. Smyth, N. Sriram, Nicole M. Lindner, Thierry Devos, Alfonso Ayala, Yoav Bar-Anan, et al. 2009. National differences in gender-science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106, no. 26: 10593–10597. doi:10.1073/pnas.0809921106.
AbstractAbout 70% of more than half a million Implicit Association Tests completed by citizens of 34 countries revealed expected implicit stereotypes associating science with males more than with females. We discovered that nation-level implicit stereotypes predicted nation-level sex differences in 8th-grade science and mathematics achievement. Self-reported stereotypes did not provide additional predictive validity of the achievement gap. We suggest that implicit stereotypes and sex differences in science participation and performance are mutually reinforcing, contributing to the persistent gender gap in science engagement.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27414715
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