Benzoquinone-Hydroquinone Couple for Flow Battery

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Benzoquinone-Hydroquinone Couple for Flow Battery

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Title: Benzoquinone-Hydroquinone Couple for Flow Battery
Author: Nawar, Saraf; Huskinson, Brian; Aziz, Michael J.

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Citation: Nawar, Saraf, Brian Huskinson, and Michael Aziz. 2013. “Benzoquinone-Hydroquinone Couple for Flow Battery.” MRS Proceedings 1491 (January). doi:10.1557/opl.2012.1737.
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Abstract: At present, there is an ongoing search for approaches toward the storage of energy from intermittent renewable sources like wind and solar. Flow batteries have gained attention due to their potential viability for inexpensive storage of large amounts of energy. While the quinone/hydroquinone redox couple is a widely studied redox pair, its application in energy storage has not been widely explored. Because of its high reversibility, low toxicity, and low component costs, we propose the quinone/hydroquinone redox couple as a viable candidate for use in a grid-scale storage device. We have performed single-electrode tests on several quinone/hydroquinone redox couples, achieving current densities exceeding 500 mA/cm2, which is acceptable for use in energy applications. We fabricated a full cell using para-benzoquinone at the positive electrode against a commercial fuel cell hydrogen electrode separated by a Nafion membrane. We evaluated its performance in galvanic mode, where it reached current densities as high as 150 mA/cm2. The results from these studies indicate that the quinone/hydroquinone redox couple is a promising candidate for use in redox flow batteries.
Published Version: doi:10.1557/opl.2012.1737
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