Mixed Chimerism, Lymphocyte Recovery, and Evidence for Early Donor-Specific Unresponsiveness in Patients Receiving Combined Kidney and Bone Marrow Transplantation to Induce Tolerance
LoCascio, Samuel A.
Dombkowski, David M.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLoCascio, Samuel A., Tatsuaki Morokata, Meredith Chittenden, Frederic I. Preffer, David M. Dombkowski, Giovanna Andreola, Kerry Crisalli, et al. 2010. “Mixed Chimerism, Lymphocyte Recovery, and Evidence for Early Donor-Specific Unresponsiveness in Patients Receiving Combined Kidney and Bone Marrow Transplantation to Induce Tolerance.” Transplantation 90, no. 12: 1607–1615. doi:10.1097/tp.0b013e3181ffbaff.
We have previously reported operational tolerance in patients receiving HLA-mismatched combined kidney and bone marrow transplantation (CKBMT). We now report on transient multilineage hematopoietic chimerism and lymphocyte recovery in five patients receiving a modified CKBMT protocol, and evidence for early donor-specific unresponsiveness in one of these patients.
Five patients with end-stage renal disease received CKBMT from HLA-mismatched, haploidentical living related donors following modified non-myeloablative conditioning. Polychromatic flow cytometry (FCM) was used to assess multilineage chimerism where evaluable and lymphocyte recovery post-transplant. Limiting dilution analysis was used to assess helper-T-lymphocyte reactivity to donor antigens.
Transient multilineage mixed chimerism was observed in all patients but chimerism became undetectable by 2 weeks post-CKBMT. A marked decrease in T and B lymphocyte counts immediately following transplant was followed by gradual recovery. Initially recovering T cells were depleted of CD45RA+/CD45RO− “naïve-like” cells, which have shown strong recovery in two patients and CD4/CD8 ratios increased immediately following transplant but then declined markedly. NK cells were enriched in the peripheral blood of all patients following transplant.
For Subject 2, a pre-transplant limiting dilution assay revealed T helper cells recognizing both donor and third-party PBMCs. However, the anti-donor response was completely undetectable by Day 24, while third-party reactivity persisted.
These results characterize the transient multilineage mixed hematopoietic chimerism and recovery of lymphocyte subsets in patients receiving a modified CKBMT protocol. The observations are relevant to the mechanisms of donor-specific tolerance in this patient group.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27526393
- HMS Scholarly Articles