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dc.contributor.authorHou, Xu
dc.contributor.authorHu, Yuhang
dc.contributor.authorGrinthal, Alison Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Mughees
dc.contributor.authorAizenberg, Joanna
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-13T19:30:03Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationHou, Xu, Yuhang Hu, Alison Grinthal, Mughees Khan, and Joanna Aizenberg. 2015. Liquid-Based Gating Mechanism with Tunable Multiphase Selectivity and Antifouling Behaviour. Nature 519, no. 7541: 70–73. doi:10.1038/nature14253. .en_US
dc.identifier.issn0028-0836en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27657493
dc.description.abstractLiving organisms make extensive use of micro- and nanometre-sized pores as gatekeepers for controlling the movement of fluids, vapours and solids between complex environments. The ability of such pores to coordinate multiphase transport, in a highly selective and subtly triggered fashion and without clogging, has inspired interest in synthetic gated pores for applications ranging from fluid processing to 3D printing and lab-on-chip systems. But although specific gating and transport behaviours have been realized by precisely tailoring pore surface chemistries and pore geometries a single system capable of controlling complex, selective multiphase transport has remained a distant prospect, and fouling is nearly inevitable. Here we introduce a gating mechanism that uses a capillary-stabilized liquid as a reversible, reconfigurable gate that fills and seals pores in the closed state, and creates a non-fouling, liquid-lined pore in the open state. Theoretical modelling and experiments demonstrate that for each transport substance, the gating threshold—the pressure needed to open the pores—can be rationally tuned over a wide pressure range. This enables us to realize in one system differential response profiles for a variety of liquids and gases, even letting liquids flow through the pore while preventing gas from escaping. These capabilities allow us to dynamically modulate gas–liquid sorting in a microfluidic flow and to separate a three-phase air–water–oil mixture, with the liquid lining ensuring sustained antifouling behaviour. Because the liquid gating strategy enables efficient long-term operation and can be applied to a variety of pore structures and membrane materials, and to micro- as well as macroscale fluid systems, we expect it to prove useful in a wide range of applications.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEngineering and Applied Sciencesen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1038/nature14253en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectnanoscale materialsen_US
dc.titleLiquid-based gating mechanism with tunable multiphase selectivity and antifouling behaviouren_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.relation.journalNatureen_US
dash.depositing.authorAizenberg, Joanna
dash.waiver2014-12-05
dc.date.available2016-07-13T19:30:03Z
dash.funder.nameAdvanced Research Projects Agency-Energyen_US
dash.funder.nameDepartment of Energyen_US
dash.funder.awardDE-AR0000326en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nature14253*
dash.contributor.affiliatedKhan, Mughees
dash.contributor.affiliatedGrinthal, Alison
dash.contributor.affiliatedHou, Xu
dash.contributor.affiliatedAizenberg, Joanna


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