Hypoxia-activated chemotherapeutic TH-302 enhances the effects of VEGF-A inhibition and radiation on sarcomas
Park, D J
Tap, W D
Eisinger-Mathason, T S K
Hart, C P
Simon, M C
Yoon, S SNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationYoon, C, H-J Lee, D J Park, Y-J Lee, W D Tap, T S K Eisinger-Mathason, C P Hart, E Choy, M C Simon, and S S Yoon. 2015. “Hypoxia-activated chemotherapeutic TH-302 enhances the effects of VEGF-A inhibition and radiation on sarcomas.” British Journal of Cancer 113 (1): 46-56. doi:10.1038/bjc.2015.186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2015.186.
AbstractBackground: Human sarcomas with a poor response to vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) inhibition and radiation therapy (RT) have upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and HIF-1α target genes. This study examines the addition of the hypoxia-activated chemotherapy TH-302 to VEGF-A inhibition and RT (a.k.a. trimodality therapy). Methods: Trimodality therapy was examined in two xenograft models and in vitro in tumour endothelial cells and sarcoma cell lines. Results: In both mouse models, VEGF-A inhibition and radiation showed greater efficacy than either therapy alone in slowing sarcoma growth. When TH-302 was added, this trimodality therapy completely blocked tumour growth with tumours remaining dormant for over 3 months after cessation of therapy. Trimodality therapy caused 2.6- to 6.2-fold more endothelial cell-specific apoptosis than bimodality therapies, and microvessel density and HIF-1α activity were reduced to 11–13% and 13–20% of control, respectively. When trimodality therapy was examined in vitro, increases in DNA damage and apoptosis were much more pronounced in tumour endothelial cells compared with that in sarcoma cells, especially under hypoxia. Conclusions: The combination of TH-302, VEGF-A inhibition, and RT is highly effective in preclinical models of sarcoma and is associated with increased DNA damage and apoptosis in endothelial cells and decreased HIF-1α activity.
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