The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto

DSpace/Manakin Repository

The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto

Citable link to this page


Title: The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto
Author: Vigdor, Jacob; Glaeser, Edward; Cutler, David

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Cutler, David M., Edward L. Glaeser and Jacob L. Vigdor. 1999. The rise and decline of the American ghetto. Journal of Political Economy 107(3): 455-506.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: This paper examines segregation in American cities from 1890 to 1990. From 1890 to 1940, ghettos were born as blacks migrated to urban areas and cities developed vast expanses filled with almost entirely black housing. From 1940 to 1970, black migration continued and the physical areas of the ghettos expanded. Since 1970, there has been a decline in segregation as blacks have moved into previously all‐white areas of cities and suburbs. Across all these time periods there is a strong positive relation between urban population or density and segregation. Data on house prices and attitudes toward integration suggest that in the mid‐twentieth century, segregation was a product of collective actions taken by whites to exclude blacks from their neighborhoods. By 1990, the legal barriers enforcing segregation had been replaced by decentralized racism, where whites pay more than blacks to live in predominantly white areas.
Published Version:
Other Sources:
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at
Citable link to this page:
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


Search DASH

Advanced Search