Lipoprotein‐Associated Phospholipase A2 Activity Is a Marker of Risk But Not a Useful Target for Treatment in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease

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Lipoprotein‐Associated Phospholipase A2 Activity Is a Marker of Risk But Not a Useful Target for Treatment in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease

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Title: Lipoprotein‐Associated Phospholipase A2 Activity Is a Marker of Risk But Not a Useful Target for Treatment in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease
Author: Wallentin, Lars; Held, Claes; Armstrong, Paul W.; Cannon, Christopher P.; Davies, Richard Y.; Granger, Christopher B.; Hagström, Emil; Harrington, Robert A.; Hochman, Judith S.; Koenig, Wolfgang; Krug‐Gourley, Sue; Mohler, Emile R.; Siegbahn, Agneta; Tarka, Elizabeth; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Stewart, Ralph A. H.; Weiss, Robert; Östlund, Ollie; White, Harvey D.; Budaj, Andrzej; Ardissino, Diego; Avezum, Alvaro; Aylward, Philip E.; Bryce, Alfonso; Chen, Hong; Chen, Ming‐Fong; Corbalan, Ramon; Dalby, Anthony J.; Danchin, Nicolas; De Winter, Robbert J.; Denchev, Stefan; Diaz, Rafael; Elisaf, Moses; Flather, Marcus D.; Goudev, Assen R.; Grinfeld, Liliana; Husted, Steen; Kim, Hyo‐Soo; Linhart, Ales; Lonn, Eva; López‐Sendón, José; Manolis, Athanasios J.; Nicolau, José C.; Pais, Prem; Parkhomenko, Alexander; Pedersen, Terje R.; Pella, Daniel; Ramos‐Corrales, Marco A.; Ruda, Mikhail; Sereg, Mátyás; Siddique, Saulat; Sinnaeve, Peter; Sritara, Piyamitr; Swart, Henk P.; Sy, Rody G.; Teramoto, Tamio; Tse, Hung‐Fat; Weaver, W. Douglas; Viigimaa, Margus; Vinereanu, Dragos; Zhu, Junren

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Wallentin, L., C. Held, P. W. Armstrong, C. P. Cannon, R. Y. Davies, C. B. Granger, E. Hagström, et al. 2016. “Lipoprotein‐Associated Phospholipase A2 Activity Is a Marker of Risk But Not a Useful Target for Treatment in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease.” Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease 5 (6): e003407. doi:10.1161/JAHA.116.003407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.116.003407.
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Abstract: Background: We evaluated lipoprotein‐associated phospholipase A2 (Lp‐PLA 2) activity in patients with stable coronary heart disease before and during treatment with darapladib, a selective Lp‐PLA 2 inhibitor, in relation to outcomes and the effects of darapladib in the STABILITY trial. Methods and Results: Plasma Lp‐PLA 2 activity was determined at baseline (n=14 500); at 1 month (n=13 709); serially (n=100) at 3, 6, and 18 months; and at the end of treatment. Adjusted Cox regression models evaluated associations between Lp‐PLA 2 activity levels and outcomes. At baseline, the median Lp‐PLA 2 level was 172.4 μmol/min per liter (interquartile range 143.1–204.2 μmol/min per liter). Comparing the highest and lowest Lp‐PLA 2 quartile groups, the hazard ratios were 1.50 (95% CI 1.23–1.82) for the primary composite end point (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke), 1.95 (95% CI 1.29–2.93) for hospitalization for heart failure, 1.42 (1.07–1.89) for cardiovascular death, and 1.37 (1.03–1.81) for myocardial infarction after adjustment for baseline characteristics, standard laboratory variables, and other prognostic biomarkers. Treatment with darapladib led to a ≈65% persistent reduction in median Lp‐PLA 2 activity. There were no associations between on‐treatment Lp‐PLA 2 activity or changes of Lp‐PLA 2 activity and outcomes, and there were no significant interactions between baseline and on‐treatment Lp‐PLA 2 activity or changes in Lp‐PLA 2 activity levels and the effects of darapladib on outcomes. Conclusions: Although high Lp‐PLA 2 activity was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events, pharmacological lowering of Lp‐PLA 2 activity by ≈65% did not significantly reduce cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary heart disease, regardless of the baseline level or the magnitude of change of Lp‐PLA 2 activity. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00799903.
Published Version: doi:10.1161/JAHA.116.003407
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4937279/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27822114
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