Pre-Adult MRI of Brain Cancer and Neurological Injury: Multivariate Analyses
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CitationLevman, Jacob, and Emi Takahashi. 2016. “Pre-Adult MRI of Brain Cancer and Neurological Injury: Multivariate Analyses.” Frontiers in Pediatrics 4 (1): 65. doi:10.3389/fped.2016.00065. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2016.00065.
AbstractBrain cancer and neurological injuries, such as stroke, are life-threatening conditions for which further research is needed to overcome the many challenges associated with providing optimal patient care. Multivariate analysis (MVA) is a class of pattern recognition technique involving the processing of data that contains multiple measurements per sample. MVA can be used to address a wide variety of neuroimaging challenges, including identifying variables associated with patient outcomes; understanding an injury’s etiology, development, and progression; creating diagnostic tests; assisting in treatment monitoring; and more. Compared to adults, imaging of the developing brain has attracted less attention from MVA researchers, however, remarkable MVA growth has occurred in recent years. This paper presents the results of a systematic review of the literature focusing on MVA technologies applied to brain injury and cancer in neurological fetal, neonatal, and pediatric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). With a wide variety of MRI modalities providing physiologically meaningful biomarkers and new biomarker measurements constantly under development, MVA techniques hold enormous potential toward combining available measurements toward improving basic research and the creation of technologies that contribute to improving patient care.
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