Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorFaison, Edward K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDeStefano, Stephenen_US
dc.contributor.authorFoster, David R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMotzkin, Glennen_US
dc.contributor.authorRapp, Joshua M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-09T14:54:05Z
dc.date.issued2016en_US
dc.identifier.citationFaison, Edward K., Stephen DeStefano, David R. Foster, Glenn Motzkin, and Joshua M. Rapp. 2016. “Ungulate browsers promote herbaceous layer diversity in logged temperate forests.” Ecology and Evolution 6 (13): 4591-4602. doi:10.1002/ece3.2223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2223.en
dc.identifier.issn2045-7758en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:27822337
dc.description.abstractAbstract Ungulates are leading drivers of plant communities worldwide, with impacts linked to animal density, disturbance and vegetation structure, and site productivity. Many ecosystems have more than one ungulate species; however, few studies have specifically examined the combined effects of two or more species on plant communities. We examined the extent to which two ungulate browsers (moose [Alces americanus]) and white‐tailed deer [Odocoileus virginianus]) have additive (compounding) or compensatory (opposing) effects on herbaceous layer composition and diversity, 5–6 years after timber harvest in Massachusetts, USA. We established three combinations of ungulates using two types of fenced exclosures – none (full exclosure), deer (partial exclosure), and deer + moose (control) in six replicated blocks. Species composition diverged among browser treatments, and changes were generally additive. Plant assemblages characteristic of closed canopy forests were less abundant and assemblages characteristic of open/disturbed habitats were more abundant in deer + moose plots compared with ungulate excluded areas. Browsing by deer + moose resulted in greater herbaceous species richness at the plot scale (169 m2) and greater woody species richness at the subplot scale (1 m2) than ungulate exclusion and deer alone. Browsing by deer + moose resulted in strong changes to the composition, structure, and diversity of forest herbaceous layers, relative to areas free of ungulates and areas browed by white‐tailed deer alone. Our results provide evidence that moderate browsing in forest openings can promote both herbaceous and woody plant diversity. These results are consistent with the classic grazing‐species richness curve, but have rarely been documented in forests.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.en
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1002/ece3.2223en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4931004/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.subjectBrowsingen
dc.subjectdisturbanceen
dc.subjectherbivoryen
dc.subjectmooseen
dc.subjectspecies richnessen
dc.subjectwhite‐tailed deeren
dc.titleUngulate browsers promote herbaceous layer diversity in logged temperate forestsen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalEcology and Evolutionen
dash.depositing.authorFoster, David R.en_US
dc.date.available2016-08-09T14:54:05Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ece3.2223*
dash.contributor.affiliatedRapp, Joshua
dash.contributor.affiliatedFoster, David


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record