The Relationship between Vitamin D Status and Allergic Diseases in New Zealand Preschool Children
von Hurst, Pamela
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CitationCairncross, Carolyn, Cameron Grant, Welma Stonehouse, Cath Conlon, Barry McDonald, Lisa Houghton, Darryl Eyles, Carlos A. Camargo, Jane Coad, and Pamela von Hurst. 2016. “The Relationship between Vitamin D Status and Allergic Diseases in New Zealand Preschool Children.” Nutrients 8 (6): 326. doi:10.3390/nu8060326. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu8060326.
AbstractRecent research on vitamin D in young children has expanded from bone development to exploring immunomodulatory effects. Our aim was to investigate the relationship of vitamin D status and allergic diseases in preschool-aged children in New Zealand. Dried capillary blood spots were collected from 1329 children during late-winter to early-spring for 25(OH)D measurement by LC-MS/MS. Caregivers completed a questionnaire about their child’s recent medical history. Analysis was by multivariable logistic regression. Mean 25(OH)D concentration was 52(SD19) nmol/L, with 7% of children <25 nmol/L and 49% <50 nmol/L. Children with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥75 nmol/L (n = 29) had a two-fold increased risk for parent-report of doctor-diagnosed food allergy compared to children with 25(OH)D 50–74.9 nmol/L (OR = 2.21, 1.33–3.68, p = 0.002). No associations were present between 25(OH)D concentration and presence of parent-reported eczema, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis or atopic asthma. Vitamin D deficiency was not associated with several allergic diseases in these New Zealand preschool children. In contrast, high 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with a two-fold increased risk of parental-report food allergy. This increase supports further research into the association between vitamin D status and allergic disease in preschool children.
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