Structural Reform of Social Security

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Structural Reform of Social Security

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Title: Structural Reform of Social Security
Author: Feldstein, Martin
Citation: Feldstein, Martin. 2005. Structural reform of social security. Journal of economic perspectives 19, no. 2: 33-55.
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Abstract: Governments around the world have enacted or are currently considering fundamental structural reforms of their Social Security pension programs. The key feature in these reforms is a shift from a pure pay-as-you-go tax-financed system, in which taxes on current workers are primarily distributed to current retirees, to a mixed system that combines pay-as-you-go benefits with investment-based personal retirement accounts.

This paper discusses how such a mixed system could work in practice and how the transition to such a change could be achieved. It then analyzes the economic gains that would result from shifting to a mixed system. I turn next to the three problems that critics raise about any investment-based plan: administrative costs, risk, and income distribution. Finally, I comment on some of the ad hoc proposals for dealing with the financial problem of Social Security without shifting to an investment-based system.
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/0895330054048731
Other Sources: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11098
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:2794830
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