Comparison of Morphology Evolution of Ge(001) Homoepitaxial Films Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition and Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Leonard, John P.
McCamy, James W.
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CitationByungha, Shin, John P. Leonard, James W. McCamy, and Michael J. Aziz. 2005. Comparison of morphology evolution of Ge(001) homoepitaxial films grown by pulsed laser deposition and molecular beam epitaxy. Applied Physics Letters 87(18): 181916.
AbstractUsing a dual Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE)-Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) Ultra-High Vacuum chamber, we have conducted the first experiments under identical thermal, background, and surface preparation conditions to compare Ge(001) homoepitaxial growth morphology in PLD and MBE. We find that in PLD with low kinetic energy and in MBE the film morphology evolves in a similar fashion: initially irregularly shaped mounds form, followed by pyramidal mounds with edges of the square-base along <100> directions; the film roughness and mound separation increase with film thickness. In PLD with high kinetic energy, well-defined pyramidal mounds are not observed and the morphology rather resembles that of an ion-etched Ge(001) surface. The areal feature density is higher for PLD films than for MBE films grown at the same average growth rate and temperature. Furthermore, the dependence upon film thickness of roughness and feature separation differ for PLD and MBE. We attribute these differences to the higher yield of defect generation by energetic species in PLD.
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