Cryo-EM reveals a novel octameric integrase structure for β-retroviral intasome function
Cook, Nicola J.
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CitationBallandras-Colas, Allison, Monica Brown, Nicola J. Cook, Tamaria G. Dewdney, Borries Demeler, Peter Cherepanov, Dmitry Lyumkis, and Alan N. Engelman. 2016. “Cryo-EM reveals a novel octameric integrase structure for β-retroviral intasome function.” Nature 530 (7590): 358-361. doi:10.1038/nature16955. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature16955.
AbstractRetroviral integrase (IN) catalyzes the integration of viral DNA (vDNA) into host target (tDNA), which is an essential step in the lifecycle of all retroviruses1. Prior structural characterization of IN-vDNA complexes, or intasomes, from the spumavirus prototype foamy virus (PFV) revealed a functional IN tetramer2–5, and it is generally believed that intasomes derived from other retroviral genera will employ tetrameric IN6–9. However, the intasomes of orthoretroviruses, which include all known pathogenic species, have not been characterized structurally. Using single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and X-ray crystallography, we determine here an unexpected octameric IN architecture for the β-retrovirus mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) intasome. The structure is composed of two core IN dimers, which interact with the vDNA ends and structurally mimic the PFV IN tetramer, and two flanking IN dimers that engage the core structure via their IN C-terminal domains (CTDs). Contrary to the belief that tetrameric IN components are sufficient to catalyze integration, the flanking IN dimers were necessary for MMTV IN activity. The IN octamer solves a conundrum for the β- as well as α-retroviruses by providing critical CTDs to the intasome core that cannot be provided in cis due to evolutionarily restrictive catalytic core domain (CCD)-CTD linker regions. The octameric architecture of the MMTV intasome provides a new paradigm for the structural basis of retroviral DNA integration.
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