Chemoproteomic profiling of host and pathogen enzymes active in cholera
Hatzios, Stavroula K.
Bachovchin, Daniel A.
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CitationHatzios, S. K., S. Abel, J. Martell, T. Hubbard, J. Sasabe, D. Munera, L. Clark, et al. 2016. “Chemoproteomic profiling of host and pathogen enzymes active in cholera.” Nature chemical biology 12 (4): 268-274. doi:10.1038/nchembio.2025. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2025.
AbstractActivity-based protein profiling (ABPP) is a chemoproteomic tool for detecting active enzymes in complex biological systems. We used ABPP to identify secreted bacterial and host serine hydrolases that are active in animals infected with the cholera pathogen Vibrio cholerae. Four V. cholerae proteases were consistently active in infected rabbits, and one, VC0157 (renamed IvaP), was also active in human cholera stool. Inactivation of IvaP influenced the activity of other secreted V. cholerae and rabbit enzymes in vivo, while genetic disruption of all four proteases increased the abundance and binding of an intestinal lectin—intelectin—to V. cholerae in infected rabbits. Intelectin also bound to other enteric bacterial pathogens, suggesting it may constitute a previously unrecognized mechanism of bacterial surveillance in the intestine that is inhibited by pathogen-secreted proteases. Our work demonstrates the power of activity-based proteomics to reveal host-pathogen enzymatic dialogue in an animal model of infection.
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