An on-shell approach to factorization
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CitationFeige, Ilya, and Matthew D. Schwartz. 2013. “An on-Shell Approach to Factorization.” Physical Review D 88 (6) (September 19). doi:10.1103/physrevd.88.065021.
AbstractFactorization is possible due to the universal behavior of Yang-Mills theories in soft and collinear limits. Here, we take a small step towards a more transparent understanding of these limits by proving a form of perturbative factorization at treelevel using on-shell spinor helicity methods. We present a concrete and self-contained expression of factorization in which matrix elements in QCD are related to products of other matrix elements in QCD up to leading order in a power-counting parameter determined by the momenta of certain physical on-shell states. Our approach uses only the scaling of momenta in soft and collinear limits, avoiding any assignment of scaling behavior to unphysical (and gauge-dependent) fields. The proof of factorization exploits many advantages of helicity spinors, such as the freedom to choose different reference vectors for polarizations in different collinear sectors. An advantage of this approach is that once factorization is shown to hold in QCD, the transition to SoftCollinear Effective Theory is effortless.
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