A single-nucleotide polymorphism in the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with risk of radiation pneumonitis in lung cancer patients treated with thoracic radiation therapy
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CitationMak, Raymond H., Brian M. Alexander, Kofi Asomaning, Rebecca S. Heist, Chen-yu Liu, Li Su, Rihong Zhai, et al. 2011. “A Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism in the Methylene Tetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) Gene Is Associated with Risk of Radiation Pneumonitis in Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Thoracic Radiation Therapy.” Cancer 118 (14) (December 5): 3654–3665. doi:10.1002/cncr.26667.
AbstractBackground: To study the association between functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes from oxidative stress pathways, and risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients treated with thoracic radiation therapy (RT) for locally advanced lung cancer (LC).
Methods: We reviewed 136 patients treated with RT for LC between 2001 and 2007, and had prior genotyping of functional SNPs in oxidative stress genes including superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2; rs4880) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; rs1801131, rs1801133). RP events were retrospectively scored using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0. Cox proportional hazard regression was performed to identify clinical variables and genotypes associated with risk of grade ≥2 and grade ≥3 RP on univariate and multivariate analysis. P-values were corrected for multiple hypothesis testing.
Results: With a median follow-up of 21.4 months, the incidence of ≥grade 2 RP was 29% and ≥grade 3 RP was 14%. On multivariate analysis, after adjusting for clinical factors such as concurrent chemotherapy, and consolidation docetaxel, and lung dosimetric parameters such as V20 and mean lung dose, MTHFR genotype (rs1801131; AA versus AC/CC) was significantly associated with risk of ≥grade 2 RP (Hazard ratio [HR]: 0.37; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.18-0.76; p=0.006, corrected p=0.018) and ≥grade 3 RP (HR: 0.21; 95% CI: 0.06-0.70; p=0.01; corrected p=0.03). SOD2 genotype was not associated with RP.
Conclusions: Our study showed an association between MTHFR genotype and risk of clinically significant RP. Further study of MTHFR-related pathways may provide insight into the mechanisms behind RP.
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