Neuroprotective levels of IGF-1 exacerbate epileptogenesis after brain injury

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Neuroprotective levels of IGF-1 exacerbate epileptogenesis after brain injury

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Title: Neuroprotective levels of IGF-1 exacerbate epileptogenesis after brain injury
Author: Song, Yu; Pimentel, Corrin; Walters, Katherine; Boller, Lauren; Ghiasvand, Shabnam; Liu, Jing; Staley, Kevin J.; Berdichevsky, Yevgeny

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Citation: Song, Yu, Corrin Pimentel, Katherine Walters, Lauren Boller, Shabnam Ghiasvand, Jing Liu, Kevin J. Staley, and Yevgeny Berdichevsky. 2016. “Neuroprotective levels of IGF-1 exacerbate epileptogenesis after brain injury.” Scientific Reports 6 (1): 32095. doi:10.1038/srep32095.
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Abstract: Exogenous Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) is neuroprotective in animal models of brain injury, and has been considered as a potential therapeutic. Akt-mTOR and MAPK are downstream targets of IGF-1 signaling that are activated after brain injury. However, both brain injury and mTOR are linked to epilepsy, raising the possibility that IGF-1 may be epileptogenic. Here, we considered the role of IGF-1 in development of epilepsy after brain injury, using the organotypic hippocampal culture model of post-traumatic epileptogenesis. We found that IGF-1 was neuroprotective within a few days of injury but that long-term IGF-1 treatment was pro-epileptic. Pro-epileptic effects of IGF-1 were mediated by Akt-mTOR signaling. We also found that IGF-1 – mediated increase in epileptic activity led to neurotoxicity. The dualistic nature of effects of IGF-1 treatment demonstrates that anabolic enhancement through IGF-1 activation of mTOR cascade can be beneficial or harmful depending on the stage of the disease. Our findings suggest that epilepsy risk may need to be considered in the design of neuroprotective treatments for brain injury.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep32095
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