The physiological basis and measurement of heart rate variability in humans
Draghici, Adina E.
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CitationDraghici, Adina E., and J. Andrew Taylor. 2016. “The physiological basis and measurement of heart rate variability in humans.” Journal of Physiological Anthropology 35 (1): 22. doi:10.1186/s40101-016-0113-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40101-016-0113-7.
AbstractCardiovascular variabilities were recognized over 250 years ago, but only in the past 20 years has their apparent utility come to be appreciated. Technological advancement has allowed precise measurement and quantification of short-term cardiovascular fluctuations; however, our understanding of the integrated mechanisms which underlie these oscillations is inadequate for their widespread application. Both autonomic branches, the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system, are key determinants of the magnitude of these spontaneous cardiovascular fluctuations. Heart rate variability can be an indicator of an individual cardiovascular condition. In this review, we will discuss the two primary rhythmic oscillations that underlie the complexity of the heart rate waveform. The first oscillation occurs over several cardiac cycles, is respiratory related, and termed respiratory sinus arrhythmia. The second oscillation occurs at an approximate 10 s cycle. Due to the closed-loop nature of the control system of cardiovascular oscillations, it is difficult to define specific relations among cardiovascular variables. In this review, we will present the feedforward and feedback mechanism that underlie both oscillations and their implication as quantitative measures of autonomic circulatory control. We will also review the various methodologies to assess them.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:29408149
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