Inflammatory signaling in human Tuberculosis granulomas is spatially organized
Eugenin, Eliseo A.
Daudelin, Isaac B.
Kim, Jin Hee
Eum, Seok Yong
Via, Laura E.
Behar, Samuel M.
Barry, Clifton E.
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CitationMarakalala, M. J., R. M. Raju, K. Sharma, Y. J. Zhang, E. A. Eugenin, B. Prideaux, I. B. Daudelin, et al. 2016. “Inflammatory signaling in human Tuberculosis granulomas is spatially organized.” Nature medicine 22 (5): 531-538. doi:10.1038/nm.4073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm.4073.
AbstractGranulomas are the pathological hallmark of tuberculosis (TB). However, their function and mechanisms of formation remain poorly understood. To understand the role of granulomas in TB, we analyzed the proteomes of granulomas from subjects with tuberculosis in an unbiased fashion. Using laser capture microdissection, mass spectrometry and confocal microscopy, we generated detailed molecular maps of human granulomas. We found that the centers of granulomas possess a pro-inflammatory environment characterized by anti-microbial peptides, ROS and pro-inflammatory eicosanoids. Conversely, the tissue surrounding the caseum possesses a comparatively anti-inflammatory signature. These findings are consistent across a set of six subjects and in rabbits. While the balance between systemic pro- and anti-inflammatory signals is crucial to TB disease outcome, here we find that these signals are physically segregated within each granuloma. The protein and lipid snapshots of human and rabbit lesions analysed here suggest that the pathologic response to TB is shaped by the precise anatomical localization of these inflammatory pathways during the development of the granuloma.
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