The transcription cofactor CRTC1 protects from aberrant hepatic lipid accumulation

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The transcription cofactor CRTC1 protects from aberrant hepatic lipid accumulation

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Title: The transcription cofactor CRTC1 protects from aberrant hepatic lipid accumulation
Author: Kim, Hwijin
Citation: Kim, Hwijin. 2016. “The transcription cofactor CRTC1 protects from aberrant hepatic lipid accumulation.” Scientific Reports 6 (1): 37280. doi:10.1038/srep37280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep37280.
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Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a rapidly emerging global health-problem. NAFLD encompasses a range of conditions associated with hepatic steatosis, aberrant accumulation of fat in hepatocytes. Although obesity and metabolic syndrome are considered to have a strong association with NAFLD, genetic factors that predispose liver to NAFLD and molecular mechanisms by which excess hepatic lipid develops remain largely unknown. We report that the transcription cofactor CRTC1 confers broad spectrum protection against hepatic steatosis development. CRTC1 directly interferes with the expression of genes regulated by lipogenic transcription factors, most prominently liver x receptor α (LXRα). Accordingly, Crtc1 deficient mice develop spontaneous hepatic steatosis in young age. As a cyclic AMP effector, CRTC1 mediates anti-steatotic effects of calorie restriction (CR). Notably, CRTC1 also mediates anti-lipogenic effects of bile acid signaling, whereas it is negatively regulated by miR-34a, a pathogenic microRNA upregulated in a broad spectrum of NAFLD. These patterns of gene function and regulation of CRTC1 are distinct from other CR-responsive proteins, highlighting critical protective roles that CRTC1 selectively plays against NAFLD development, which in turn provides novel opportunities for selectively targeting beneficial therapeutic effects of CR.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep37280
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5116671/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:29625972
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