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dc.contributor.authorLauzé, Martineen_US
dc.contributor.authorDaneault, Jean-Francoisen_US
dc.contributor.authorDuval, Christianen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-02T15:24:23Z
dc.date.issued2016en_US
dc.identifier.citationLauzé, Martine, Jean-Francois Daneault, and Christian Duval. 2016. “The Effects of Physical Activity in Parkinson’s Disease: A Review.” Journal of Parkinson's Disease 6 (4): 685-698. doi:10.3233/JPD-160790. http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JPD-160790.en
dc.identifier.issn1877-7171en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:29626010
dc.description.abstractBackground: Physical activity (PA) is increasingly advocated as an adjunct intervention for individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the specific benefits of PA on the wide variety of impairments observed in patients with PD has yet to be clearly identified. Objective: Highlight health parameters that are most likely to improve as a result of PA interventions in patients with PD. Methods: We compiled results obtained from studies examining a PA intervention in patients with PD and who provided statistical analyses of their results. 868 outcome measures were extracted from 106 papers published from 1981 to 2015. The results were classified as having a statistically significant positive effect or no effect. Then, outcome measures were grouped into four main categories and further divided into sub-categories. Results: Our review shows that PA seems most effective in improving Physical capacities and Physical and cognitive functional capacities. On the other hand, PA seems less efficient at improving Clinical symptoms of PD and Psychosocial aspects of life, with only 50% or less of results reporting positive effects. The impact of PA on Cognitive functions and Depression also appears weaker, but few studies have examined these outcomes. Discussion: Our results indicate that PA interventions have a positive impact on physical capacities and functional capacities. However, the effect of PA on symptoms of the disease and psychosocial aspects of life are moderate and show more variability. This review also highlights the need for more research on the effects of PA on cognitive functions, depression as well as specific symptoms of PD.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherIOS Pressen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.3233/JPD-160790en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5088404/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.subjectParkinsonen
dc.subjectexerciseen
dc.subjectphysical activityen
dc.subjectrehabilitationen
dc.subjectbradykinesiaen
dc.subjecttremoren
dc.titleThe Effects of Physical Activity in Parkinson’s Disease: A Reviewen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalJournal of Parkinson's Diseaseen
dc.date.available2016-12-02T15:24:23Z
dc.identifier.doi10.3233/JPD-160790*


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