Growth rate inhibition metrics correct for confounders in measuring sensitivity to cancer drugs
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CitationHafner, Marc, Mario Niepel, Mirra Chung, and Peter K. Sorger. 2016. “Growth rate inhibition metrics correct for confounders in measuring sensitivity to cancer drugs.” Nature methods 13 (6): 521-527. doi:10.1038/nmeth.3853. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.3853.
AbstractDrug sensitivity and resistance are conventionally quantified by IC50 or Emax values, but these metrics are highly sensitive to the number of divisions taking place over the course of a response assay. The dependency of IC50 and Emax on division rate creates artefactual correlations between genotype and drug sensitivity while obscuring valuable biological insights and interfering with biomarker discovery. We derive alternative drug response metrics that are insensitive to division number. These are based on estimating the magnitude of drug-induced growth rate inhibition (GR) using endpoint or time-course assays. We show that GR50 and GRmax are superior to conventional metrics for assessing the effects of drugs in dividing cells. Moreover, adopting GR metrics requires only modest changes in experimental protocols. We expect GR metrics to improve the study of cell signaling and growth using drugs, discovery of drug response biomarkers, and identification of drugs effective on specific patient-derived tumor cells.
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