Preclinical validation: LV/IL-12 transduction of patient leukemia cells for immunotherapy of AML
Au, Bryan C
Barber, Dwayne L
Minden, Mark D
Paige, Christopher J
Medin, Jeffrey A
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CitationHuang, Ju, Yuanfeng Liu, Bryan C Au, Dwayne L Barber, Andrea Arruda, Axel Schambach, Michael Rothe, Mark D Minden, Christopher J Paige, and Jeffrey A Medin. 2016. “Preclinical validation: LV/IL-12 transduction of patient leukemia cells for immunotherapy of AML.” Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development 3 (1): 16074. doi:10.1038/mtm.2016.74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mtm.2016.74.
AbstractInterleukin-12 (IL-12) is a potent cytokine that may be harnessed to treat cancer. To date, nearly 100 IL-12-based clinical trials have been initiated worldwide. Yet systemic administration of IL-12 is toxic. Different strategies are being developed to reduce such toxicities by restricting IL-12 distribution. Our previous studies employed lentivector-mediated expression of murine IL-12 in tumor cells and demonstrated effective protection in both mouse leukemia and solid tumor challenge models. In this study, we carried out preclinical validation studies using a novel lentivector to engineer expression of human IL-12 in acute myeloid leukemia blast cells isolated from 21 patients. Acute myeloid leukemia cells were transduced with a bicistronic lentivector that encodes the human IL-12 cDNA as a fusion, as well as a LNGFR (ΔLNGFR)/mutant thymidylate kinase cassette as a marking and cell-fate control element. A range of 20–70% functional transduction efficiencies was achieved. Transduced acute myeloid leukemia cells produced bioactive IL-12 protein and displayed dose-dependent sensitivity to the prodrug 3′-azido-3′-deoxythymidine. In vitro immortalization assays using transduced mouse hematopoietic stem cells demonstrated minimal genotoxic risk from our IL-12 vector. Scale-up transduction and cell processing was subsequently validated in a GMP facility to support our (now approved) Clinical Trial Application (CTA).
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