Pediatric neuroimaging in early childhood and infancy: challenges and practical guidelines
Sliva, Danielle D.
Benasich, April A.
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CitationRaschle, Nora, Jennifer Zuk, Silvia Ortiz-Mantilla, Danielle D. Sliva, Angela Franceschi, P. Ellen Grant, April A. Benasich, and Nadine Gaab. 2012. “Pediatric Neuroimaging in Early Childhood and Infancy: Challenges and Practical Guidelines.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1252 (1) (April): 43–50. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06457.x.
AbstractStructural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been used increasingly to investigate typical and atypical brain development. However, in contrast to studies in school-aged children and adults, MRI research in young pediatric age groups is less common. Practical and technical challenges occur when imaging infants and children, which presents clinicians and research teams with a unique set of problems. These include procedural difficulties (e.g., participant anxiety or movement restrictions), technical obstacles (e.g., availability of child-appropriate equipment or pediatric MR head coils), and the challenge of choosing the most appropriate analysis methods for pediatric imaging data. Here, we summarize and review pediatric imaging and analysis tools and present neuroimaging protocols for young nonsedated children and infants, including guidelines and procedures that have been successfully implemented in research protocols across several research sites.
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