Apolipoprotein(a) Size and Lipoprotein(a) Concentration and Future Risk of Angina Pectoris with Evidence of Severe Coronary Atherosclerosis in Men: The Physicians' Health Study
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CitationRifai, N., Jing Ma, Frank M. Sacks, Paul M. Ridker, Wendy Jade L. Hernandez, Meir J. Stampfer, and Santica M. Marcovina. 2004. “Apolipoprotein(a) Size and Lipoprotein(a) Concentration and Future Risk of Angina Pectoris with Evidence of Severe Coronary Atherosclerosis in Men: The Physicians’ Health Study.” Clinical Chemistry 50 (8) (June 10): 1364–1371. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2003.030031.
AbstractThe relationship of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] concentrations with risk of coronary heart disease needs clarification, especially for threshold values for increased risk and for possible interactions with LDL-cholesterol concentrations and apolipoprotein (a) [apo(a)] size polymorphism. This study was designed to examine the ability of baseline Lp(a) concentration and apo(a) size to predict future severe angina pectoris in apparently healthy men. METHODS: Baseline Lp(a) concentration and apo(a) size were determined in 195 men who subsequently developed angina and in 195 men who remained free of cardiovascular disease for 5 years. RESULTS: Cases had higher median Lp(a) concentrations than did controls (30.6 vs 22.5 nmol/L; P = 0.02). Lp(a) concentration was predictive of angina [relative risk (RR) from lowest to highest quintiles: 1.0, 1.5, 1.0, 1.8, and 2.6; P for trend = 0.015]. The increased risk was approximately 4-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.4- to 11-fold) among men who had Lp(a) above the 95th percentile (>158 nmol/L). Men with Lp(a) concentrations in the highest quintile and LDL-cholesterol concentrations >1600 mg/L had a 12-fold increased risk (95% confidence interval, 1.5- to 43-fold). Small apo(a) size isoforms also significantly predicted risk of angina (RR for lowest quintile = 4.1; P for trend = 0.004). When the independent effect of Lp(a) concentration and apo(a) size was assessed by including them in the same multivariate model, only the association between apo(a) size and risk remained significant. CONCLUSIONS: High Lp(a) predicts risk of angina, and the risk is substantially increased with high concomitant LDL-cholesterol. Small apo(a) size predicts angina with greater strength and independence than Lp(a) concentration.
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