ZDHHC7-Mediated S-Palmitoylation of Scribble Regulates Cell Polarity
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CitationChen, Baoen, Baohui Zheng, Micael DeRan, Gopala K. Jarugumilli, Jianjun Fu, Yang S. Brooks, and Xu Wu. 2016. “ZDHHC7-Mediated S-Palmitoylation of Scribble Regulates Cell Polarity.” Nature chemical biology 12 (9): 686-693. doi:10.1038/nchembio.2119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2119.
AbstractScribble (SCRIB) is a tumor suppressor protein, playing critical roles in establishing and maintaining epithelial cell polarity. Paradoxically, SCRIB is frequently amplified in human cancers, however, fails to localize properly to cell-cell junctions, suggesting that mislocalization of SCRIB contributes to tumorigenesis. Using chemical reporters, here we showed that SCRIB localization is regulated by S-palmitoylation at conserved cysteine residues. The palmitoylation-deficient mutants of SCRIB are mislocalized, leading to disruption of cell polarity and loss of their tumor suppressive activities to oncogenic YAP, MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathways. We further found that ZDHHC7 is the major palmitoyl acyltransferase regulating SCRIB. Knockout of ZDHHC7 led to SCRIB mislocalization and YAP activation, and disruption of SCRIB’s suppressive activities in HRasV12-induced cell invasion. In summary, we demonstrated that ZDHHC7-mediated SCRIB palmitoylation is critical for SCRIB membrane targeting, cell polarity, and tumor suppression, providing new mechanistic insights of how dynamic protein palmitoylation regulates cell polarity and tumorigenesis.
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